Author(s): Hamed A. Ead, Aaya M. Nasar
In Egypt—similar to other developing countries around the world—the role universities play has become increasingly important to national economies when considering the source of trained and qualified workers for sustainable national growth. Today, Egyptian universities have reinvented education in entrepreneurship in terms of how graduates should be prepared for the workforce by focusing on job security, the demands of a rapidly evolving society, employment security, and technological changes, in addition to the willingness of students to pursue entrepreneurial careers at new companies of creative private and public sector organizations. Cairo University has implemented teaching entrepreneurship courses to all 25 of its faculties as a mandatory form of entrepreneurship education to cultivate entrepreneurial mindsets. The present work aims to study the effects of behavioral factors of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and psychological trait factors on students’ entrepreneurial intention by measuring the effects and circumstances under which the effects are observed, as well as to investigate and examine the effects of both behavior and traits elements. A questionnaire was prepared based on previous studies and was introduced to a selected sample of Cairo University students. Three hundred students, selected from four undergraduate stages and three post-graduate levels of the Faculty of Science at Cairo University, were considered, and the resulting data were analyzed using an analysis of a moment structure (AMOS) through structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the effect of behavior and traits.