International Journal of Entrepreneurship (Print ISSN: 1099-9264; Online ISSN: 1939-4675)


Intellectual Capital and SMEs Performance in Pakistan: The Role of Environmental Turbulence

Author(s): Muhammad Zulqarnain Arshad, Darwina Arshad

The Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) play a crucial part in county’s economic growth and a key contributor in country’s GDP. SMEs play a relatively important role in emerging countries. They provide employment and one of the important sources for income generation. The main aim for the research is to examine the relationship between Intellectual capital, Environmental Turbulence and Performance of SMEs in Pakistan. A sample of 350 textile SMEs from 27250 was selected from Pakistan. Simple random sampling technique was applied. Statistical techniques such as SPSS and Smart-PLS was applied for analysis The results revealed that Intellectual capital influence the performance of SMEs and Environmental turbulence positively moderates the relationship between intellectual capital and performance of textiles SMEs in the context of Pakistan.

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