International Journal of Entrepreneurship (Print ISSN: 1099-9264; Online ISSN: 1939-4675)


The History and Evolution of Strategic Management Thinking

Author(s): HENNI Taha, DINAR Amel

While the evolution of strategic management thinking has taken place through a succession of methodological or conceptual breakthroughs, corporates practice, with its diversity of implemented experiences, is following a more continuous and progressive evolutionary process. Beyond the fads, the dogmatic oppositions between a rational-analytical approach and a mobilizing processing for people and organizations, one point remains: strategy-making can be rational or irrational, based on planigarchy (all-pervasive planning) or on a visionary leading pattern, by largely involving people or neglecting them, while strategy implementation requires the participation, conviction and effort of everyone in the enterprise. It is also at their implementation level that strategies become competitive, unless newly elaborated. From the above and taking all these elements into account, our problematic is articulated as follows: What is the history and how has strategic management evolved? With this in mind, the article will be devoted to identifying the actors contributing or having contributed significantly to shaping the field of the theory and practice of corporate strategy and strategic management in general. The analysis of their respective influence and their relationships will also be addressed

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