International Journal of Entrepreneurship (Print ISSN: 1099-9264; Online ISSN: 1939-4675)


Unveiling the Power of ESG: A Cross-Market Exploration of Environmental, Social, and Governance Factors on Bond Pricing in European, Japanese, and US Corporate Bond Markets

Author(s): Lemuel Kenneth David, Jianling Wang, Vanessa Angel, Nosheen Amjad

This study explores the influence of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors on corporate bond markets, focusing on the European, Japanese, and US markets. The research demonstrates that ESG ratings have a significant impact on bond pricing and risk assessment. By examining yield curves, the study reveals that companies with lower ESG scores are perceived as riskier, leading to higher yield spreads on their bonds. This effect is consistent across the USA market, where responsible management practices are positively valued by creditors. In contrast, the European market displays variations in the relationship between ESG ratings and yield spreads, while the Japanese market demonstrates a negative perception of non-financial aspects in corporate management. The findings highlight the growing importance of ESG-based evaluations in assessing investment opportunities. Investors are increasingly incorporating ESG factors into their decision-making processes, aiming for higher profits and effective risk management. The study emphasizes that financial decisions should no longer rely solely on financial indicators but also consider non-financial factors, such as environmental impact, social practices, and governance policies. This shift indicates that ESG-related risks are being integrated into investors' value judgments, influencing the pricing and risk assessment of corporate bonds. The study utilizes comprehensive data from Refinitiv's corporate bond yield curves and applies robust methodologies, including weighted averages and credit rating categorization. By analyzing both cross-sectional and time series data, the study uncovers significant insights into the relationships between ESG ratings and bond pricing. The research methodology enables a deeper understanding of risk premia across different credit rating categories and maturities, providing valuable insights into the impact of ESG factors on bond pricing dynamics

Get the App