Author(s): Ainur Kaiyrbayeva, Bakyt Kalykova, Gulmira Nurmanbekova, Arailym Kaiyrbayeva, Gaukhar Rakhimzhanova
The agro-industrial complex is an important object in the agrarian economy of Kazakhstan. In the state programme for the agro-industrial complex development, the development of clusters as an economic agent is a priority. In our research we have examined to what extent the innovative direction in the formation of prospective national clusters of the Republic of Kazakhstan was realized (completed until 2020). The research showed that the technological policy lags behind the planned programme. For example, there was no increase in the innovative activity within the business sector. We also studied how the residual knowledge of the graduates of profession-oriented institutions affects the economic indicators of the agro-industrial complex. With the help of autocorrelation regression analysis (Pearson correlation coefficient -0.94), it was established that the low level of graduates' competence in 2008 was one of the factors of the total GDP decrease in agricultural output in 2012. At the same time, the improvement of the expertise level positively influenced the GDP– a positive trend was observed from 2015 to 2017.