Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal (Print ISSN: 1087-9595; Online ISSN: 1528-2686)

Abstract

Do Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Relate to Entrepreneurial Intention Differently? A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

Author(s): Ibrahim Al-Jubari,Aissa Mosbah,Zunirah Talib

The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between motivational factors of self-determination theory (SDT) and entrepreneurial intention through the mediation role of its determinants from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Specifically, it aimed at understanding whether different types of motivation (intrinsic and extrinsic) influence entrepreneurial intention differently. Based on a sample of students from one public and three private universities in Malaysia (N=414), a structural model was tested. Results revealed that 72% of the variance on entrepreneurial intention was explained by the integrated model. All the three TPB proximal determinants played a mediating role in the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and entrepreneurial intention. While both motivational factors significantly predicted entrepreneurial intention, extrinsic motivation exerted stronger effect than intrinsic. This study supports the theoretical integration of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and theory of planned behaviour in entrepreneurship research