Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal (Print ISSN: 1087-9595; Online ISSN: 1528-2686)

Abstract

Drivers and Barriers to Sustainability Manufacturing Practices By Small and Medium Enterprises in South Africa

Author(s): Olawale Fatoki

Sustainable manufacturing (SM) is a key environmental initiative that can help to reduce the negative environmental impact of manufacturing. The study investigated the drivers and barriers to the implementation of sustainable manufacturing practices (SMP) by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing sector. The study used the quantitative research approach. The cross-sectional survey method (selfadministered questionnaire) was used for data collection. Data was collected from two hundred and fifty two owners/managers of SMEs in the manufacturing sector. The participants in the study were conveniently sampled. Descriptive statistics and factor analysis were used for data analysis. The Cronbach’s alpha was used as a measure of reliability. The study identified four major drivers of SMP namely environmental, economic, management support and social. The major barriers to the implementation of SMP are financial, management and social factors. Limitations and recommendations to improve the implementation of SMP by SMEs are suggested.