Author(s): Bayan Doskaliyeva, Galiya Mauina, Valeriy Biryukov, Akmaral Temirova, Altynay Shilmanova, Almagul Doshan
An increase in the level of population employment is now considered as the way to improve the country’s competitiveness. The Republic of Kazakhstan remains one of the most successful reformers among the post-Soviet countries and simultaneously has outdated employment model in contradistinction to highly developed economies. Therefore, this article is aimed at the determination of key challenges in the employment sphere by the comparative analysis of five economic indicators for Kazakhstan and member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Data for analyses were taken from the Agency on Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Analytical Report of DAMU Research Group, Eurostat data and Development Co-operation Report in 2017. The paper proves the structure of the employment of the Republic does not respond to the tendencies in post-industrial countries. A significant share of young people with low or no qualifications, problems in the regulation of self-employment level and also poor population involvement in service industry sector are identified as the main invocations must be solved. The submissions can serve as a basis both for supported employment programs development and labour market forecasting.