Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal (Print ISSN: 1087-9595; Online ISSN: 1528-2686)


Enriching Students Social Entrepreneurship Intention: A Measurement Model

Author(s): Siti Daleela Mohd Wahid, Annuar Aswan Mohd Noor, Muhammad Fareed, Wan Mohd Hirwani Wan Hussain and Abu Anifah Ayob

Social entrepreneurship (SE) is a recent phenomenon spreading around the world. It is of growing interest to scholars, and many papers are focused on this area. This paper aims at revealing factor that predict a student’s intention to be social entrepreneurs in the future. A massive number of theories and past scholars have carried out studies on the factors influencing SE intention, which resulted in a list containing large volume of variables. There was a need to generalize factors that capable to form a universal SE intention model. This research utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as the theoretical foundation in SE intention context. It is confirmed that TPB is enriching the literature and growing the theoretical and methodological strength of SE intention contributions. Two-stages sampling technique involves 419 undergraduate students from public and private universities were selected as respondents, at the same time as information become amassed via surveys. The information become then analyzed via the use of AMOS software. The structural equation modelling (SEM) was executed to develop the measurement model. The results exhibit that goodness of fit, construct reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity achieved the overall fitness threshold to model SE intention. This research contributes to shed light on the literature via examining the elements of TPB in SE intention formation; whilst offering several important implications from theoretical and methodological perspective.

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