Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (Print ISSN: 1098-8394; Online ISSN: 1528-2651)

Abstract

Entrepreneurship and Disability: Methodological Aspects and Measurement Instrument1

Author(s): Virginia Barba-Sánchez, Pilar Ortíz-García, Ángel Olaz-Capitán

The purpose of this text is to introduce the following Special Issue on entrepreneurship among people with different abilities. Self-employment is a way of employment and social integration for such a collective which, moreover, has high unemployment rates. On the other hand, the greatest difficulty they face does not result from the limitations of disability itself, what might be considered to be the cause, but from the social barriers, they have to overcome.

Aiming at that, the research studies included in this Special Issue are in context with the perspective of competition and their focus lays on the identification of those competencies that promote or limit entrepreneurship of people with disabilities (hereafter PWD) from social sciences, management or economics.

In particular, this introductory text aims at presenting a detailed examination of those methodological aspects which are related to the research, whose focus is on the Spanish context, and of the measuring instrument developed and implemented in such research. Such research has been conducted out on a sample of 224 people with physical, sensory or organic disabilities and its results confirm both the lower propensity of this group to start a business and the validity of entrepreneurship as a form of inclusion, visibility, and normalization of people with different abilities.