Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences (Print ISSN: 1524-7252; Online ISSN: 1532-5806)


Impact of productivity on the survival of construction organisations in a competitive market

Author(s): Justina, O., Emmanuel, E., & Samuel, E.

The construction industry plays an essential role in the life of every nation, as it makes a meaningful contribution to countries GDP, shelter and infrastructure provisions and employment generation. A critical problem that is challenging the delivery of these benefits to citizens is declining productivity among construction organisations, and pressure from competition, modern technologies and management techniques. These have led to construction projects being delivered behind schedule, over budgets and reduced quality standard. Productivity is found to have a link with the performance of construction projects and organisations growth and survival. This study showed that increase in productivity influence the growth and survival of construction organisations. This study was carried out among construction organisations in the south-south geopolitical zones of Nigeria. The study adopted quantitative and qualitative approaches using a well-structured electronic questionnaire and semi-structured interview as the tool for data collection. The survey participants were construction organisation employees (i.e. both construction professional and non-construction professionals) of middle to top management levels in their various organisations. The snowball sampling technique and electronic means was used in selecting both quantitative and qualitative participants. With a sample size of 114 and a reliability index of over 0.70, the quantitative data collected were analysed using mean item score, Mann-Whitney U test, and correlation analysis. While the thematic analysis was used for the qualitative data. A significant correlation was found between productivity and organisational growth and survival. Productivity brings about increase organisational profitability, improves competitive advantage, customer loyalty and repeat patronage, excess profits are available for re-investment for expansion purposes, and opportunity for expansion and growth. Regular leadership improvement was recommended as effective leadership/management is at the centre of ensuring sustainable productivity and organisation survival.

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