Author(s): Sergey I Aksenov, Ramilya U Arifulina, Tatiana K Belyaeva, Dmitriy A Gusev, Elena Y Ilaltdinova, Irina V Lebedeva
The present article is dedicated to the problem of the search for the Russian national ideal of a pedagogue. In this regard, the analysis of the pedagogue’s perception is conducted from the aspect of the Russian tradition and the newest Russian history that allows the authors substantiating the dual nature of the characteristics of the Russian national ideal of a pedagogue. In particular the issue of a teacher’s authority who would not suppress the students’ opinions allowing them to make personal decisions and would be in the position of “the younger friend” of a teacher is under consideration. In the study it was determined that a pedagogue is still the central figure of the educational process. However, due to the whole complex of the new functions of this profession, the specter of requirements, professional skills and competences are constantly expanding. Alongside the mass character of the profession, there is set the requirement to meet the high professional demands and also there is saved the expectation that a teacher must have a vocation and feel the readiness to perform this mission self-denying and selflessly. Educational process of modern Russia undergoes the displacement of the priorities from the education of the students to the obtainment of knowledge by them. At the same time a teacher should cultivate the active civil position of the students, because it is impossible to protect a child from the processes, which take place outside the school-in the society and life as a whole. In the article there are defined such components of the Russian national ideal of a pedagogue as the spiritual, social and organizational. Our findings showed that a pedagogue’s ideal is a contradictory concept that is constantly developing adapting oneself under the requirements of the modern society that allows it (an ideal) to be in the relative balance.