International Journal of Entrepreneurship (Print ISSN: 1099-9264; Online ISSN: 1939-4675)


Is there a reduction in inequality in Peru as a result of foreign direct investment since the pacific alliance? A descriptive retrospective analysis

Author(s): Percy David Maldonado-Cueva, Cira Nancy Ozejo-Ludena, Victor Hugo Fernandez-Bedoya

Research that analyzed how the member of the Pacific Alliance have presented a notable increase in foreign direct investment and how this situation led to constant social conflicts generated by income inequality, due to the fact that most of the commercial countries are characterized by being mineral-extracting economies, with the exception of Mexico. Despite showing economic growth, Peru suffered constant social conflicts; in view of this, the author’s pose the following research question: How has foreign direct investment favored the members of the Pacific Alliance and has this reduced inequality in Peru? A retrospective descriptive analysis based on information documented in government reports, books, and scientific articles published in indexed scientific journals was used to answer the research question. It was concluded that, despite economic growth due to foreign direct investment, the Pacific Alliance countries, particularly Colombia, Chile, and Peru, have experienced income inequality and ongoing social conflicts as a result of this situation.

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