Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (Print ISSN: 1098-8394; Online ISSN: 1528-2651)

Abstract

Paddy Harvest Technology and Change in Economic System of Farmers in Indonesia

Author(s): Ratnawati Tahir

Application of the paddy harvest technology (power thresher) in lowland rice crop systems influenced the economic life of farmers, i.e., unequal income received peasant society. The purpose of the study examines the application of the paddy harvest technology and their effects on the economic life of farmers. Data collection methods used in surveys, interviews and questionnaires. Data were analysed with cross-tabulation and explorative. The study shows that the application of technological changes affects the rice harvest sharing system, manpower recruitment, diversity patterns of division of labour and farmers' livelihoods. Profit-sharing in traditional harvesting systems 8:1, 9:1, 10:1, changed to 7:1 after the system power thresher. Recruitment of manpower in the traditional system is limited to family/kinship, to be unlimited and open to anyone who wants to be involved in harvest activities and there is specialized employment. Due to the application of technology the paddy harvest, farmers' income increased by 44% (rupiahs/year). Variety livelihood of workers harvesting varies; small traders, rickshaw drivers, carpenters/rock, motorcycles and mechanic.