Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal (Print ISSN: 1087-9595; Online ISSN: 1528-2686)


Political Economy Factors Affecting the Development of Social Entrepreneurship in Eastern Indonesia

Author(s): Aswin Baharuddin, Nandito Oktaviano Guntur, Burhanuddin, Munjin Syafik Asyari, Adelita Lubis and Mia Aulina Lubis

There was a significant increase in the social entrepreneurship business unit. Globally, the data show that countries are already moving and benefiting from the rise of social entrepreneurship in their countries. This trend is also confirmed at the level of the Southeast Asia Region which shows that. ASEAN even has a specific program in the development of this social entrepreneurship. In line with these global and regional developments, Indonesia also has great potential in the development of social entrepreneurship. Previous research has projected that 1.5 percent of the total entrepreneurs in Indonesia can be classified as social entrepreneurs. From the British Council's research, it was found that the geographical distribution of social entrepreneurship business units in Indonesia still accumulates on the island of Java. This is in accordance with the larger data context which shows that the concentration of the Indonesian economy is still concentrated on the island of Java. Based on this background, this study aims to map social entrepreneur actors in South Sulawesi. Furthermore, this study aims to identify development strategies and international networks of social entrepreneurship business units in South Sulawesi. The research will be carried out by combining two approaches, namely qualitative and quantitative. Data was collected by means of literature review, questionnaires, in-depth interviews and Focused Group Discussions (FGD). Once collected, the data will be classified based on the formulation of the research problem to be analyzed and drawn conclusions. This research finds that historically, Social Entrepreneurship has developed since the 20th century and has undergone changes in every government regime. This study also finds that the dynamics of the development of social entrepreneurship in eastern Indonesia is driven by the intention to solve public problems that have not been well covered by the government. Furthermore, the development of social entrepreneurship in eastern Indonesia is carried out by building relationships with government and non-government parties from within and outside the country.

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