Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (Print ISSN: 1098-8394; Online ISSN: 1528-2651)


Principal Entrepreneurship Competence Based on Creativity and Innovation in the Context of Learning Organizations in Indonesia

Author(s): Husain Syam, Haedar Akib, Andi Aslam Patonangi, Muhammad Guntur

The development of entrepreneurial competence (Indonesia, 2007; Sudrajat, 2008a; Dharma & Akib, 2009) based on creativity and innovation in the context of a learning organization is the essence and orientation of the capacity building in public organizations in Indonesia. This research article aims to analyze and explain the implementation of entrepreneurial competence of principals based on creativity and innovation in realizing good school governance (GSG). Data collection was conducted using focus group discussion techniques and through literature study, as well as observations and experiences of the authors during their role as consultants and stakeholders in education. The analysis is done descriptively-qualitative-interpretative. The research findings are the strengthening and development of prototype creativity model (creative 4-P), Person or creative-innovative behavior of individual and group, Press or creative environment, creative process, and creative product (Akib, 2005) at the level of implementation or level praxis, a valuable innovation in the learning organization. Creativity and innovation is the basis for strengthening and applying the entrepreneurial competence of principals in managing their schools. The theoretical implication is to reinforce the ideas of David Osbone and Ted Gaebler on Reinventing Government (Osborne & Gaebler, 1992) and Banishing Bureaucracy (Osborne & Plastrik, 1997), which marks a new era of organizational reform or transformation (Akib, 2011) in Indonesia in formulating alternative development strategies.