Author(s): Tatiana Mikheeva, Elena Shapovalova, Irina Antibas
Psychological adaptation when entering into a different cultural environment is a set of psychological effects, including a clear understanding of individuals and ethnic identity, good mental health and overall ability to achieve a sense of personal satisfaction from the existence in a new for the individual community of residence. The concept of psychological adaptation in terms of the theory of acculturation is interpreted by modern researchers as the result of the analysis of the effects of culture shock. Psychological disadaptation, that arising at the initial stage of training, is the cause of the learning difficulties. Therefore, the present study was aimed to review and discuss specific conditions promoting and hindering the process of adaptation of foreign students to the educational environment of a foreign university. We discuss the main factors influencing the process of adaptation of students from Arabian countries to disclose adaptive features of their stay in the environment of another culture. Our focus is the Arabian students who study in Russian universities.