Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (Print ISSN: 1098-8394; Online ISSN: 1528-2651)


The Effectiveness of Teaching Factory Based Learning to Strengthen Entrepreneurial Competencies and Intentions

Author(s): Agus Prianto, Winardi, Umi Nur Qomariyah

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia issued Presidential Instruction No. 9/2016 on the revitalization of vocational high schools (SMK). Various vocational high schools were selected to participate in the revitalization program. Schools that are selected in the revitalization program are required to implement teaching factory-based learning (TF). SMK 1 Jombang, SMK 1 Magetan, and SMK PGRI 1 Giri Banyuwangi are 3 vocational high schools in East Java that have participated in the revitalization program since 2016, so they have implemented TF activities. This study intends to examine how the impact of the implementation of TF-based learning for strengthening students' entrepreneurial competencies and intentions. There are 4 TF models implemented by schools that are: Production Based Learning (PBL), Internship (INTRNSHP), Cooperative Education Placement (CEP), and School-Based Enterprises (SBE). This study revealed there are 2 TF-based learning models that had a very strong influence in developing entrepreneurial competencies and intentions, namely: PBL and SBE. PBL and SBE are proven capable of developing entrepreneurial competencies, both for the aspects of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. PBL has a very strong impact on the development of students’ entrepreneurial competencies, especially for the following indicators: mentality as an entrepreneur, competent in utilizing resources, capable of making business strategies, passion for entrepreneurship, and strengthening perseverance. SBE has proven to be able to foster a very strong intention in entrepreneurship, for indicators: preparing themselves as entrepreneurs, fostering a strong desire to become entrepreneurs, and reinforcing the decision of students to establish the entrepreneurial profession as the first choice. This study also revealed that the longer involvement in TF-based learning, the higher score of entrepreneurial competencies and intentions. Besides, this study also found that the sequence of effective learning models in strengthening students’ entrepreneurial competencies is: PBL, SBE, CPE, and INTRNSHP. While the sequence of effective learning models in strengthening student’ entrepreneurial intentions are: PBL, SBE, INTRNSHP, and CPE. To see the consistency of the effectiveness of the TF-based learning model in improving students' competency and entrepreneurial intention, there needs to be further research on the research theme.