Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)


A 5W2H Analysis on the Process of Collective Bargaining Agreement in Public Sector Industries in India

Author(s): Aakash Y. Raj

Public sector industries in India have a significant impact on economy from rendering job opportunities to manufacturing goods and services. Filled with basket of benefits, the industries are pulled down during strikes and lockouts imposed by the employees as a result of discrimination, exploitation and differences in opinion. Employer-employee relationship is essential for the smooth progress. To safeguard the interest of the employee and to avoid conflicts, Industrial dispute act 1947 developed Collective Bargaining. The process involves an agreement between the employer and the employee that is represented by the trade union in the industry in an aim to negotiate. The current study focuses on the identifying the factors and the cause responsible for industrial dispute. For which 5W2H analysis is applied on the factors analysed through the secondary data collected from journals, articles, books and case laws. The factors and the cause that are responsible for industrial disputes in respect to collective bargaining agreement is strike, wage structure, retrenchment, material facts and termination. Whilst effectively applying collective bargaining via negotiation as per the industrial dispute act 1947 will reduce strikes and lockouts raised by the employees.

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