Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

Anti-Corruption Bodies in Ukraine, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland: Comparative Analysis

Author(s): Pavlo D. Petrenko, Valentina F. Zverhovskaya, Yevheniia V. Pavlichenko, Nataliia O. Petrenko, Oleksandr M. Sybiha

Description: The purpose of the article is to analyze the anti-corruption models of anti-corruption authorities in the countries of the northern bloc (Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland) and to identify common positive features for development anti-corruption policies that can be used in the course of improving the national anti-corruption mechanism. The subject of study is the same model of anti-corruption authorities of the countries of the “Northern bloc” (Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland), peculiarities of their powers corresponding to one or another anti-corruption model. Methodology. The analysis and synthesis method examined the mechanisms of counteracting corruption in Ukraine and some countries of the northern block with the lowest level of corruption (Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland), dogmatic method and hermeneutics method became the basis for determination the best anti-corruption model of anti-corruption system in Ukraine. In contrast, comparative analyses method, inductive and deductive reasoning allowed to identify the features of the anti-corruption system of the domestic sample and models of the Nordic countries and to highlight the favorable factors for the formation of low level of corruption in Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden. The comparative-law method helped to identify the cause-and-effect relationship between the low level of corruption in the countries of the “Northern bloc” and legal consciousness, legal culture of one or the other nation, which had been formed within a long historical period, in particular regarding the negative attitude of citizens to corruption. The results of the study made it possible to determine the ways for improving the mechanism of fight against corruption, to find out the structure and the system of anti-corruption agencies in Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden. The existing symbiosis of anti-corruption models in Ukraine with the combination of powers of the anti-corruption models I, II and III was clarified by reference to the example of the experience of the specified countries. Practical implications. As a result of the research, proposals were made regarding the need to improve the system of interaction between the bodies authorized in the anti-corruption area, as well as key legislative initiatives to prevent and combat corruption were identified. Value/originality. On the basis of the approach to the classification of anti-corruption models proposed by the authors, the necessary tendencies for creation the best anti-corruption model in Ukraine were formulated.