Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)


Arrangements for Use of Drone in Indonesia Seen from International Law

Author(s): Luh Putu Sudini, I Nyoman Putu Budiartha

 The development of technology and science which is getting faster nowadays, seems to be happening all over the world, including in Indonesia, especially in the improvement of technology such as the formation of unmanned aircraft known as “drones’’. The increasingly widespread development of drone technology adds to the function of use in everyday life, even in the context of defense and security. The acquisition of efficiency is one of the driving forces for the development of the function of using drones in various dimensions, both land, air and sea. Problem : How to Arrange Drone Operations in Indonesia. The method used is : normative legal research methods. Drone is : a flying machine that functions remotely by the pilot or is able to control himself using the laws of aerodynamics. The results of the study pay attention to the regulations regarding the operation of unmanned aircraft in airspace served by Indonesia, which are still in the form of a Ministerial Regulation, appear weak and less firm in sanctions against drone misuse, and also if we look at the legal binding capacity of the Ministerial Regulation is still weak compared to the form of the Law as a provision of Positive Law in Indonesia under the 1945 Constitution and Pancasila. So that Indonesia needs to establish a drone operating arrangement with the Law as a positive national law in Indonesia. To create clear and definite legal protection and be able to provide flight security and safety against possible (hazards) caused by the operation of unmanned aircraft and to accommodate the development of unmanned aircraft technology. Indonesia has a Law that regulates the Operation of Unmanned Aircraft or Drones separately which is able to provide protection and legal certainty for Indonesian citizens and foreign countries operating drones in Indonesia’s sovereign Airspace. Arrangements for drone operation in Indonesian airspace  are also aligned with the provisions in International Law regarding drone operation

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