Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)


Artificial Intelligence and Space Law

Author(s): Aslan K. Abashidze, Marianna Ilyashevich, Aysylu Latypova

Despite all the advantages that the use of artificial intelligence brings in the process of space exploration, this phenomenon poses a serious challenge to the key principles of international space law. The most acute issues in this context are related to the liability of states for damage caused by space objects with artificial intelligence, as well as ensuring confidentiality and data protection. This article analyzes the consequences of the use of artificial intelligence from the perspective of international space law, including the extent to which the current provisions of international law generally meet the challenges associated with the use of the latest technologies based on artificial intelligence. In particular, the article explores the approaches existing in international legal documents and doctrine to the definition of the concept of "artificial intelligence", the problem of the possible legal personality of artificial intelligence and contains the assessment of risks associated with the use of artificial intelligence technologies in space activities. The article emphasizes inter alia the thesis that the current international legal provisions on outer space do not suffice to fully regulate relations involving artificial intelligence technologies, and that the international community needs to focus its efforts on the development of relevant documents in the very near future.

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