Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

Children's Rights Ombudsman: Experience of Ukraine and Foreign Countries

Author(s): Oksana Nadybska, Hanna Fedotova, Serhii Shcherbyna, Yulia Chornous, Iryna Basysta

The article explores the activities of the children’s rights ombudsman in Ukraine and foreign countries. It is noted that the relevance of this topic is due to existing social problems in many countries of the world: the need for state protection of children deprived of parental care, the increase in children’s migration rates, and the like. In this regard, it has been indicated that one of the first steps towards the protection of the children’s rights was the adoption of the Children’s Rights Convention, which actually intensified the process of creating and improving existing children’s rights protection mechanisms at the national level. Among the entities of such a mechanism, the children’s rights ombudsman, who is an official responsible for the issues of legislative support and the actual implementation, protection of personal non-property and property rights of the child, has a primary role. Among foreign countries where the institution of the children’s rights ombudsman, Norway, Finland, and Croatia, are highlighted. The current state of the children's rights protection in Ukraine, in particular, the activities of the Human Rights Commissioner for the President of Ukraine and the Human Rights Commissioner of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, is also considered, and the conclusion about the need to allocate the position of the human rights ombudsman in the Ukrainian parliament and to establish cooperation between him and the Children’s Rights Commissioner for the President of Ukraine is drawn.