Author(s): Dakir, Abdul Qodir, Abdul Syahid, Asyraf Isyraqi Jamil
This study presents a new perspective on the relationship between traditional leadership and fatwa/ Islamic law decree of the Indonesian Council of Ulama concerning halal (Muslim law approved) products. Focusing on the system of ulama leadership, model of leadership, and fatwa of halal products, this study used a qualitative approach of ethnographic methods. By taking the authority of the Indonesian Council of Ulama as the object of study, it was found that the traditional leadership could perform an effective function of maintaining the fatwa of halal products as an Islamic legal system applied to both traditionalist and modernist Muslim societies. In this context, the Ulama Council as a tribal authority of traditionalist and modernist ulama, Muslim scientist, and their lineage was based on the ties of the Islamic original system concerning ulama as the inheritors of prophet legacy (warasatul anibiya') in the leadership form of coalition or jami'ah.