Author(s): Vladyslav Teremetskyi, Kseniia Tokarieva, Iurii Dziuba, Nikolay Shelukhin, Oleh Predmestnikov, Ulyana Parpan
The article analyzes the main means of counteracting misinformation, disinformation and cyber threats used by the European and international communities. It is determined that the main challenges of our time, which exacerbate the problem of disinformation, are Russia's information policy and the COVID-19 pandemic. The main institutions and regulations of Europe, which are aimed at overcoming the spread of false information in the media, are analyzed. The experience of France is mentioned, which created a powerful legal mechanism to prevent misinformation and combat its manifestations. The current state of US information security and the effectiveness of the US policy of combating disinformation are described. Special attention is paid to the issues of media and cyber education of the population. The latest trends in the institutionalization of countering misinformation and disinformation in Ukraine and ways to improve the strengthening of information security in the country are studied. It is established that Ukraine, as a direct participant in the information war, is obliged to support and involve at the national level European initiatives to strengthen information security and cyber security. The first steps include updating the legislation on information, increasing the role of information security in national security acts, approving the Strategy for Counteracting Disinformation and the Strategy for Ensuring Information Security, and institutionalizing the fight against misinformation and disinformation.