Author(s): Oleh Ye. Zhuravel, Yuliia O. Bezusa, Andrii V. Lubentsov, Serhii M. Ternytskyi, Daria S. Tykhonova
The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal systems of some of the CIS countries (Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Belarus) regarding the regulation of situations involving conflicts of interest. The subject of the study is the legal systems of some CIS countries in the context of regulation of conflict of interest. The method of analysis and synthesis allowed considering the formation of situations that contribute to the emergence of conflict of interest. At the same time, methods of comparative analysis, induction and deduction reasoning made it possible to identify the characteristics that are common to most CIS countries, according to the similarity of the legal system. The comparative legal method helped to determine the causal relationship between a personal interest and the emergence of a further conflict of interest. The results of the study made it possible to identify the areas for improvement in the field of combating conflict of interest. Based on the research, the determining factors of emergence of conflict of interest among public servants were specified. It was defined that the regulation of conflict of interest in some countries refers to ethical rules of conduct in some countries, while most countries enshrine these rules in administrative law. Value/originality. Proposals for further improvement of the legislation were formed on the basis of the approach, proposed by the authors.