Journal of Entrepreneurship Education (Print ISSN: 1098-8394; Online ISSN: 1528-2651)

Abstract

Determinants of Entrepreneurship Motivation for Students at Educational Institution and Education Personnel in Indonesia

Author(s): Agus Syam, Haedar Akib, Muchtar Yunus, Sitti Hasbiah

The main problem of entrepreneurship education in Indonesia is that most young generation thinks that they continue to pursue an education in universities, including in Educational Institutions Teaching Personnel (LPTKs), that they aspire to become civil servants / civilian government officials, not to become entrepreneurs. Furthermore, it is argued that entrepreneurial learning in universities not be able to change the mind-set of college graduates from job seekers to job inventors. Therefore, this study assumes that the factors that cause alumni of educational institutions to engage in entrepreneurial activities are because of the strong desire or motivation for entrepreneurs who have been instilled or "formed" since those who are students or when pursuing learning at college, including at the State University of Makassar (Universitas Negeri Makassar/UNM). This study aims to determine the effect of entrepreneurship learning on student entrepreneurship motivation at UNM. This research is Explanatory Research with Survey approach. Number of the student population as many as 654 students of UNM who proposed Student Creativity Program (PKM), with 242 samples obtained by proportional random sampling technique. Data collection techniques used observation, questionnaires, and documentation. The results of the study found that there is a significant positive effect of the entrepreneurial pursuit of student entrepreneur motivation of UNM. Based on the focus and locus of this study it is clear that UNM's vision of "education and entrepreneurship" has "colored" the preparation of mission, objectives, policies and curriculum content in each study program. Similarly, its output and impact (effects), both the instructional effect and the nurturent effect can foster attitudes and entrepreneurial motivation for students. Thus, the results of this study are expected to contribute to the formation of creative, innovative and educated young entrepreneurs in the future.