Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

Electronic Governance in Ukraine and Estonia Current Situation and Prospective

Author(s): Vyacheslav Volik, Yuliia Lozhmets, Olha Davydova, Svitlana Sprynchuk, Dmytro Shvets

This paper describes the peculiarities of e-governance, which distinguish it from the traditional ways of conduction of governance in Ukraine and Estonia. It has been established that e-government has a number of advantages, including the ability to improve the quality of public services provided to the population, ethical behaviour and professionalism of government officials, trust of citizens in government, and the social situation in the state. The factors restraining the introduction of e-government, in particular, corruption, lack of understanding by society of its importance, and lack of funding were emphasized. The emphasis was placed on the current state of e-government in Estonia. It has been identified that the issue of increase in the digital divide between states is urgent for the countries of the world, because of the introduction of e-government in some states and its lack of others. The possibilities of solving this issue were considered.