Author(s): Kanke Victor Andreevich, Vachkova Svetlana Nikolaevna, Vachkov Igor Viktorovich, Nurul Mohammad Zayed, Simaeva Evgeniya Petrovna, Sedyakin Vladimir Pavlovich, Alpackiy Dmitriy, Inna V. Kolodeznikova
The necessity of using the potential not of traditional philosophy, but of the philosophy of science is substantiated in order to eliminate the many difficulties encountered in determining the status of sociological theory. In this regard, the theory of conceptual transduction was chosen as the methodological basis of the article. Sociology is understood as the management of sociological concepts of subjects, principles, laws, and variables through the methods of deduction, adduction, induction, and abduction. The developed concept is used to criticize other concepts, in particular, those focusing on the semiotic triad consisting of syntactic, semantics and pragmatics. Considerable attention is paid to the meaning of sociological theory and attempts to oppose theory to data and then belittle its significance for the fate of sociology. The need to increase efforts to identify the philosophical and scientific foundations of sociological theories and the development of interdisciplinary ties of sociology with other branches of science is noted.