Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

Institution of Whistleblowers: Characteristic Features and Guarantees of Protection

Author(s): Olha Kosytsia, Mariia Kolesnikova, Vitalii Kadala, Oleksandr Muzychuk, Valeria Baranova

The article discloses the features of the institution of whistleblowers as persons who report the commitment of corruption offenses, in particular, some issues of functioning and legislative regulation in the United States, the Netherlands and Montenegro. The current international standards for securing guarantees for the protection of whistleblowers were studied. An attention was paid to the regulation of the issue of guarantees of the protection of whistleblowers, as defined by the UN Convention against Corruption, as well as the UN Criminal and Civil Conventions against Corruption. The features of the work on establishment of a regulatory framework for ensuring the protection of whistleblowers carried out by the G20 were outlined. In studying the issues of international legal regulation of the protection of whistleblowers, special attention was paid to a number of documents of the Council of Europe. The absence of a normative document at the EU level to regulate the protection of whistleblowers was emphasized; however, the priority direction was defined with the approval of the Directive, which would secure the guarantees of protection of such persons. The legal framework for the protection of whistleblowers in Ukraine was determined and innovations in this area were identified with the adoption of the draft law “On the protection of whistleblowers”.