Author(s): Mohammad Abu Rumman
The inclusion and participation of women in jihadist groups was a confusing, disturbing and attractive phenomenon at the same time. The recruitment processes of both sexes have witnessed a major leap in recent years. The issue of jihadist involvement in the ranks of al-Qaeda was limited in influence and had marginal roles. The era of the rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (since 2014) has witnessed a remarkable growth and development indicating a change in the traditional roles of jihadist women in the future. In recent years, it has become clear that the perception about the role of women and the extent of their participation in the activities of jihadist groups has changed, and the stereotype around them has dissipated. There is widespread recognition within jihadi circles that women can play many roles among the current jihadist organizations.