Author(s): Muhammad Sood
This research aims to analyze the causes of ineffectiveness of law enforcement in forest protection; and to analyze the legal construction of forest protection and management models. This research is an empirical legal research with approach of legislation and sociological approach. The type of data used in addition to secondary data (library data) also primary data (field data). The data are then analyzed qualitatively starting from reduction of data, display of data and summarizing data in accordance with the facts in the field. The research results showed that, the factors causing illegal logging include: (1) regulatory factor is the lack of local regulation on forest protection and management; (2) legal structural factors are the weak role of legal institutions in the process of licensing, supervision and law enforcement of forestry; and 3) the legal culture factor is the lack of awareness of community law in forest management. The legal protection efforts are preventive, among others, through the socialization activities of forest protection programs, licensing mechanisms, guidance apparatus and law enforcement officers; supervision of forest management. While repressive protection covers the application of administrative sanctions, civil sanctions and criminal sanctions against conductors of forest destruction.