Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)


Legislation and Higher Educational Policy in Kazakhstan since Independence: Problems, Perspectives and Prospects

Author(s): Aigul Yessentemirova, Venera Balmagambetova, Alikhan Kussainov, Zhumabek Busurmanov, Dariga Gubasheva, Yerkin Nogaibayev

This paper will explore and analyses the policy and legislation process of Kazakhstan's higher education policy. The first section of this paper discusses on the theoretical and key concept of policy and legislation stages focusing on three stages which are formulation, implementation and evaluation. The second section will discuss briefly on higher education policy in Kazakhstan. Further, this will include an analysis of the three main stages of policy and legislative cycle and how the three stages do are entangle to one another. This paper concludes that special attention should be paid to the impact of the post-independence legacy on academic rights and freedoms in Kazakhstan, where comparative research is also very much needed in order to find a way to improve the situation based on a real assessment of the current state of affairs.