Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

Official Document as a Legal Act: Essential Aspects

Author(s): Shemshuchenko Yurii, Parkhomenko Nataliia, Tarakhonych Tetiana, Podorozhna Tetiana, Husariev Stanislav

Description: The purpose of the article is to study essential aspects of an official document. The subject of the article is essential aspects of an official document, its features and admissibility requirements. Methodology: During the research general scientific and special methods were used. Thus, the analysis and synthesis method as well as the logical method were used to formulate a holistic view on a document as whole and an official document in particular. The logical-semantic method was used to establish the meaning of the term “document” and “official document”. The comparative method was used when analyzing different forms of European and Ukrainian regulations, enshrining the signs of an official document, as well as scientific categories, definitions and approaches. The system-structural method was applied to determine the elements of an official document. The results of the study: The results of the study made it possible to define the terms “a document” and “an official document”, as well as to determine the criteria for classification of the documents. Practical implications: As a result of the research it has been proven that the legal document is a material medium of legal information. The essence and the content of an official document have been determined. Value / originality: The essential aspects of legal document and official document as legal categories have been characterized.