Author(s): Fouzia Hadi Ali, Ahmed Muneeb Mehta, Farah Naz Naqvi, Sayeda Zeenat Maryam
Organizations are pluralistic in terms of size with larger organizations that possess considerable human resources and financial capital than the smaller organizations that have lesser access to such resources. Therefore, employees should try to stimulate their physical and mental energy to enhance their work performance proactively.
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of job demands and discretion with the mediation of proactive vitality management towards the work performance of employees. A well-operationalized questionnaire was distributed among the operations managers working in small and medium enterprises in Pakistan. Besides this, to test the model, 350 responses were analyzed; the results reveal that proactive vitality management plays a vital role as a mediator among all three independent variables and work performance.
The findings of the current study unveil that in smaller organizations, the employees hold high skill discretion, which helps them to learn new ways, involve in creative activities, and have an opportunity to broaden their level of skill that, in turn, affects their performance positively. This research is novel as it sheds an empirical light to unearth its nuances in small and medium enterprises in the case of developing countries like Pakistan.
Since this avenue is underexplored so this research can help the policymakers of and suggests a shift in the focus from the organization “provide it all” to employees “manage it all” perspective to create a synergy that may help improving work performance.