Author(s): Rohayati Hussin, Sharifah Zubaidah Syed Abdul Kader, Noor Inayah Yaakub, Rusnadewi Abdul Rashid, Marziana Abd Malib
The foundation and educational systems in Turkey experienced major reforms after the establishment of the Turkish Republic. The Civil Code and Foundation Law which governed both systems were unified under the Foundation Law 2008 for the betterment of both systems. Under this new unified law, a foundation can form a university, provided certain procedural requirements are satisfied. Hence, the main objective of this article is to examine the procedural requirements to establish a Foundation University. By applying the doctrinal approach, this study reviews several past studies and related several laws. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with several Turkish respondents in order to clearly examine the topic studied. Content analysis is used to analyze the data obtained. Finally, this study aims to promote a robust international benchmark for waqf (foundation) to be practiced in universities, including in Malaysia.