Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

Public Policy and Space Activities: Conceptual Approaches

Author(s): Lopatynska Iryna, Soroka Larysa, Korunchak Larysa, Babenko Konstyantyn, Tomina Viktoriia

Description: The purpose of the article is to investigate the features of public policy in the area of space activities. The subject of the study is the features of public policy in the area of space activities. Methodology: Research methods are chosen based on the object, subject, and purpose of the study. The study used general scientific and special methods of legal science. Thus, the analysis and synthesis method as well as the logical method were used to formulate a holistic view on public policy in the area of space activities, as well as to study its features and discussion issues. The logical-semantic method was used to establish the meaning of the concept of “public policy for the development of the sector of space activities”, which is formed by categories, such as “public”, “policy”, “space”, “space sector”, “space activities”, and their definition. The comparative method was used when analyzing scientific categories, definitions and approaches to the discussion issues. The system-structural method was applied to determine the elements of public policy in the area of space activities. The legal modeling method was applied to draw conclusions and to develop proposals for improving public policy in the area of space activities. The Results of the Study: This made it possible to analyze the etymology of the concept of “public policy for the development of the sector of space activities”, which is formed by categories, such as “public”, “policy”, “space”, “space sector”, “space activities”, and their definition. It is concluded that a specific feature of public space policy is a balance between public and private interests, which is characterized as follows: it is based on national and international standards and principles; it is under public control and supervision (public component of activity); it involves the private sector into these activities (a private component of the activity). Practical Implications: Many problems related to space activities still remain unresolved. In particular, the current state of space activity and existing mechanisms of its State regulation do not fully meet the urgent national tasks in the area of space activities; there is a limited funding and insufficient State support for space activities in general; delays with the implementation of structural changes in the space industry; absence of the internal market of space services, etc. Therefore, in our view, a modern conceptual approach to defining public space policy will help address these and other problems. Value/Originality: The analysis enables to define the concept of “public policy for the development of the sector of space activities” as follows: these are elements of conceptual unity, aimed at: 1. Creating new potentials of space activities; 2. Developing modern space technologies and implementing space research; 3. Using effectively space potential for further exploration of outer space based on the priority of environmental security and economic interests; 4. Forming the system of targeted activity of the subjects of space program implementation; 5. Ensuring technological modernization of the national economy.