Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)


Some Aspects of Political Thought in Islam: Al-Farabi as a Model

Author(s): Ahmed Aref Arheel Al-Kafarneh

 The study aims at revealing Al-Farabi's most important ideas in the field of politics and logic through writing the opinions of Utopia's people. Hence, the paper is an attempt to find out Al-Farabi'a's treatment of certain political issues in Islamic thought. The researcher has used the descriptive-analytical method to achieve the aim of the study and getting a clear conclusion. Likely, he has depended upon the historical method through reading al-Farabi's translations of Greek philosophical book for knowing how he had been influenced by these translations and his influence upon the Islamic philosophical thought.

Among the conclusions of the paper al-Farabi's casting the idea of the Islamic state despite his being influenced by the Greek philosophy and his endorsing his translation of Plato's Republic? The idealistic city from al-Farabi's view is that of different establishments that help its citizens to be near religious salvation. Likely, the caliph or emir must be a real philosopher who can realize the truth. There must be a society or group to rule people in what is known as democracy. The idealistic state in al-Farabi's view is that one ruled by the philosopher because this will be an imitation of the universe ruled by the Almighty Creator. He declared that the philosopher gets knowledge from the mind whereas the prophet gets it through Gabriel.

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