Author(s): Asma'a Mohammad Al-Raqqad, Maher Jaber Aljaber, Saed Alhawari
Technological developments, e.g., robots, have increased significantly. As a model for artificial intelligence (AI), robots can cause damages requiring compensation. However, legal challenges arise when legislators have not kept abreast of the latest technological developments. The present study sheds light on provisions regulating the civil liability of AI (robots) for damages based on rules regulating the liability of custodians of materials in the Jordanian Civil Law. At present, legislators do not acknowledge robots as a legal entity. This study presents two perspectives: i.e., the robot as a machine controlled by a guard whereby liability is shared between the robot’s designer and guard, or the robot as AI-related algorithms, programs, and theories aimed at stimulating human intelligence whereby conventional legal rules are not applicable. The researchers recommend modernizing conventional legal rules that consider robots as independent legal entities and enacting legislation that fit the nature of robots and regulate their liability.