Author(s): Fitri Ariyanti Abidin, Poeti Joefiani, Rismijati E. Koesma, Whisnu Yudiana, Juke R. Siregar
The purpose of this study was to validate the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNSFS) in Indonesian adolescent’s sample. This 24-item questionnaire measures three basic psychological need satisfaction (autonomy satisfaction, relatedness satisfaction, competence satisfaction), and three basic psychological need frustration (autonomy frustration, relatedness frustration, competence frustration). Participants were 394 Junior High School students aged 11-15 years old (49.5% male, 50.5% female). The result showed that five of six factors have acceptable internal consistency. Only autonomy frustration factor has a low reliability coefficient. By comparing a series of competitive factorial models, the 6-factor model had the best fit to the data. Moreover, satisfaction of the needs is positively related to emotional well-being, while frustration is positively related to emotional ill-being. After some modification to the model, the Indonesian version of Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale can be used to measure satisfaction and frustration of the three basic psychological needs in adolescents.