Academy of Strategic Management Journal (Print ISSN: 1544-1458; Online ISSN: 1939-6104)


The Effect of Self Leadership and Psychological Capital on Mothers Intention in Giving Exclusive Breast Milk

Author(s): Fauziyatun Nisa, Nyoman Anita Damayanti, Fendy Suhariadi, Fritria Dwi Anggraini, Siska Nurul Abidah, Firman Suryadi Rahman

Intention is very important in affecting mother’s decision to breastfeed. The high level mothers’ intention to breastfeed can help them achieve the exclusive breastfeeding program for 6 months. The purpose of this study was to examine the mother ‘intention to give exclusive breastfeeding in terms of self-leadership and psychological capital in Surabaya City. This research applied a quantitative approach through observational research and is classified as cross-sectional. The sample in this study was 108 pregnant women. The independent variables of this study were education, attitudes, age, occupation, parity, knowledge, breastfeeding self-efficacy, self-leadership, psychological capital, and family support. Meanwhile, the dependent variable was the mothers’ intention to give exclusive breastfeeding. The results of the study were obtained through a questionnaire used logistic regression analysis. The results showed that the factors that influenced the mothers’ intention to give exclusive breastfeeding were psychological capital (Sig=0.000, B=4.255), self-leadership (Sig=0.015, B=3.482), breastfeeding self-efficacy (Sig=0.004, B=5.627) and family support (Sig=0.041, B=2.142). Psychological capital factors, self-leadership, and breastfeeding self-efficacy more significant role than the external factors of family supports. It is concluded that the capacity of mother to lead her own have an important role to the paradigm and maternal psychological capital, in this case affect mothers intention to give exclusive breastfeeding. Therefore, it becomes very important to have a mother strong self-leadership, good capital psychology, and high confidence in the intention of doing something and realize these intentions into real action.

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