Author(s): Khayyam J Ismayilov
Local government plays an important role in the life and development of every society. For the formation of effective local government is necessary to analyse the historical preconditions of its formation and the analysis of foreign experience. The Article highlights historical-legal aspects of the formation and development process of local self-government in Azerbaijan, especially genesis and evolution of local self-government, the essence of reforms in the sphere of local self-government at the end of XIX century-at the beginning of XX century, the study and analysis local self-government legislation in the period of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the analysis of legislative grounds of local self-government in modern time and the place, role and assignation in state legal structure of the Azerbaijani society. With this purpose evolution and development of local self-government is studied methodically by means of comparative-historical and comparative-legal methods. We identified the state of local governments in Post-Soviet States. The typical problem of these bodies due to the Soviet legacy. Studied the legislation regulating the activities of local authorities in Azerbaijan and other PostSoviet States. Identified structural elements of local self-government in these States. Based on the identified issues the proposed re-commendations for their minimization and elimination. Highlighted the problem of decentralization of the management bodies and proposed the ways of its legal decisions.