Author(s): Michael Yu Pavlik
The article examines the main determinants of contemporary ethno-religious terrorism in Russia, including the influence of Wahhabism (Salafism) on the growth of crimes of a terrorist nature in the regions of Russia, in which the majority of the population professes Islam. The factors of Wahhabi ideology propagation in the North Caucasus are revealed. A number of measures are proposed to prevent the spread of Wahhabism in our state. The problem of counteracting terrorism at the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries in Russia and in the world is especially actual due to the significant number of terrorist acts, the preservation of the scale and the threat of their commission. Therefore, the search for ways to combat terrorism today is a top priority and is of particular relevance. To date, there is a well-founded opinion that modern terrorism is mainly ethno-religious, representing the product of a clash between Western and Eastern civilizations by its nature. Ethno-religious terrorism includes a set of terrorist crimes committed on the basis of national or religious intolerance or hatred or separatist aspirations. The religious component in the activities of modern international terrorist organizations and single terrorists has, in our view, fundamental importance.