Author(s): Borovyk Andrii, Mitchuk Olha, Demianchuk Vitalii, Zoliak Viktoriia, Paziuk Roman Yuriy
Description: The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal aspects of the activities of journalists and media professionals related to human rights protection. The subject of the study: The subject of the study is the legal aspects of the activities of journalists and media professionals related to human rights protection. Methodology. Research methods are chosen based on the object, subject and purpose of the study. The study used general scientific and special methods of legal science. Thus, the analysis and synthesis method as well as the logical method were used to formulate a holistic view on professional rights of journalists and media professionals, as well as on the problematic issues of Media Law. The logical-semantic method was used to establish the meaning of the concepts of “information”, “Media Law” and freedom of speech. The historical method helped us to study the history of the establishment of legislation on information, which is the main source of Media Law. The comparative method was used when analyzing international and national legislation of Ukraine on the issue under consideration, as well as scientific categories, definitions and approaches. The system-structural method was applied to determine the structure of Media Law, in particular its General and Special Parts. The results of the study: The results of the study showed that the fundamental rights of journalists based on universally agreed human rights standards are the right to freedom of expression and the right to information. The specific, exclusive rights of journalists and media workers, are: the right to use the help of informants; the right to professional secrecy; copyright in the sphere of copyright (observance of personal and property copyrights, the right to use and manage work, the right to fees and official commendations, the right to use other people’s texts on the basis of legal use, to make official claims for copyright infringement); the right to a journalist’s pension. Practical implications. It was proved that since independence of Ukraine, the study of Media Law issues has become organizational, with the definition of cornerstones, among which the freedom of speech took the lead. At the same time, legal responsibility of the media and legitimate restrictions on freedom of expression require further research. Value/originality: Scientific and applied essence of the concept of professional rights of journalists and media professionals were determined in the course of the study.