Author(s): Tayil Mahmoud Shiyab, Hakem Madhour Alserhan, Alla Yousef Darawesheh
This research provides an intensive comparative theoretical examination of the aggravating circumstances of murder in the Federal Penal Codes of the United Arab Emirates (No. 3 of 1987, as modify by Decree No. 7 of 2016), Jordan (No. 16 of 1960, as modify by Decree No. 27 of 2017), and France (March 1, 1994). In doing so, the study identifies required amendments for the Jordanian penal code regarding conditions related to the victim, in terms of both physical and mental elements. The results indicate differences between these laws, and highlight the urgent need to update Jordanian legislation, to remain in step with global legislation, such as the more realistic approach of French legislators concerning aggravating circumstances. The methodology of the study is the comparative analytical method.