Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)

Abstract

The Right on Euthanasia: The Experience of the World's Developed Countries and the Prospects of its Implementation in Ukraine

Author(s): Kateryna Horbachova, Vitaliy Dudaryov, Volodymyr Zarosylo, Dmytro Baranenko, Olha Us

The article explores the right on euthanasia in developed countries of the world and the prospects for its implementation in Ukraine. The results of a number of sociological studies on the perception of euthanasia by the population, in particular in the Netherlands, Turkey, USA, Finland, also, special attention was paid to the gradual increasement in the percentage of people who support the idea of euthanasia. The concept of euthanasia and the conditions under which it can be carried out are revealed. The legislative provisions of the Netherlands and Belgium regulating euthanasia in these countries were stated. It has been found out that the shortage of consensus among European states on the question of a decent end to human life leads to the existence of a case law of the European Court of Human Rights on euthanasia cases. It is concluded that the introduction of euthanasia is not promising for Ukraine, as it is directly contrary to a number of national legislation acts, first of all the Constitution of Ukraine, also, to international acts, in particular the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and the Founder of Freedoms. It is emphasized that a single position on euthanasia should be chosen at the level of the European Union by the Member States.