Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues (Print ISSN: 1544-0036; Online ISSN: 1544-0044)


The Use of a Machine Arbitrator as an Application of Artificial Intelligence in Making Arbitral Awards

Author(s): Ihab Amro

This article deals with several theoretical and practical legal questions on the use of a machine arbitrator as an application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in making arbitral awards, noting that the use of a machine in making arbitral awards is not specific to traditional arbitral awards. That is, the use of a machine might also be applicable in making online arbitral awards. In practice, it might be easier to make awards resulting from online arbitration by a machine, because the process is conducted from A to Z by means of technology, aside from the fact that AI programs are deemed part of state-of-the-art technology. This article excludes addressing courts’ decisions by a machine, even though a machine may also be used in such decisions. This article concludes with findings regarding the main ideas of the topic, and recommendations that draw up the mechanisms for facing the new challenges arising out of the use of a machine arbitrator as an application of AI. This encompasses provisions that might be considered in the future for amendment, including national laws, model laws, international conventions, and institutional arbitration rules.

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