Academy of Strategic Management Journal (Print ISSN: 1544-1458; Online ISSN: 1939-6104)


Tree Model in Human Resource Management Based on Personality, Competence and Spirituality to Improve Organizational Performance

Author(s): Amir Tengku Ramly, Hendri Tanjung

Human Resource Management has a significant influence on the success and development of a company. This research analyses the most important variable in human resources that influences one's success and organizational performance. This research uses literature review methodology by examining journals on the influence of human personality, competency, and spirituality on organizational performance over the past ten years. The scientific analysis uses the concept of learning and developing in the Pumping HR Model.

The results show that personality, competency, and spirituality at work are critical and directly affect organizational performance improvement. According to the Pumping HR model, the three variables can be structured like a complete tree by analogy with the roots of stems and fruits or leaves, which describes the variables that must be prioritized hierarchically. Based on this sequence, the root analogy is spirituality, while the stem analogy is competence, and the fruit or leaf analogy is performance. Personality is in a position between the root and stem, which is known as part of the preconscious in Iceberg's theory.

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