Author(s): Muhammad Natsir
West Nusa Tenggara Province is one of the provinces in Indonesia with a high level of conflict. The conflicts vary ranging from religion, ethnic, tribe and management of economic and political resources, arts and culture. The chronology of the occurrence of communal conflict between Muslims and Hindus in Tohapti and Karang Mas-Mas, North Cakra, Cakranegara: Thursday and Friday, February 14-15, 2013 at around 1.30 pm WITA (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/Central Indonesian Time), an attack by throwing to Hindus’ houses who live in the border of Karang Mas-Mas damaged five houses. Saturday, February 16, 2013, at 2:30 pm there was a throwing of a Molotov cocktail on the house of a Hindu. On March 28, 2013, there was an alleged persecution of one of the Tohapti community residents by the residents of Karang MasMas. Thursday, March 07, 2013, at 10:30 pm WITA, a house-throwing action occurred between the residents of Tohapti and Karang Mas-Mas which caused the Hindus injured and pass away. In response to this phenomenon, this study aims to determine: 1. Factors causing communal conflict in North Cakranegara, Cakranegara and 2. The resolution efforts undertaken by the Government, the Police and the Community in preventing and managing the conflict. This is an empirical legal research, in which normative study was used in tracking and assessing field data. Primary and secondary data were analysed qualitatively. Data verification and analysis implemented several approaches, such as legislation, conceptual, sociological, cultural, social group. Data collection techniques included interviews focused on behavior, values in community, perceptions in the community, beliefs, attitudes and expectations done in an ethic way.