Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict (Print ISSN: 1544-0508; Online ISSN: 1939-4691 )

Review Article: 2021 Vol: 25 Issue: 3

An Overview of Work and Business Leadership Effectiveness: A Mini Review

Fatima A, Walden University

Every fortunate business wants an excellent leader. the simplest issue regarding leadership is, there isn’t one route to success. There are numerous leadership designs in management you'll be able to adopt that suit you and your staff the foremost.

Your personal approach is probably going to be a mix of those designs, reckoning on your preferences, your people's wants, and also the scenario you are in. samples of unhealthy leadership designs in management exist, however all of them have uses and are solely unhealthy if misused.

Some of the Leadership Designs are

Positive psychological feature Leadership vogue

Positive leadership involves experiencing, modeling, and purposefully enhancing positive emotions. A positive leader is inquisitive about his or her employees' development still because the bottom line. High awareness, optimism, and private integrity (Schneider & Somers 2006).

Negative psychologicalfeature Leadership vogue

Negative vogue leaders act additional as bosses than leaders. Autocratic or Authoritarian Style: underneath this leadership vogue (Zachariadou et al., 2013), the leaders have full power or authority to require a choice.

Autocratic Leadership

Autocratic leadership may be a management vogue whereby one person controls all the selections and takes little inputs from alternative cluster members. Autocratic leaders build selections or selections supported their own beliefs and don't involve others for his or her suggestion or recommendation.


Described by several because the only leadership vogue, a democratic leader will facilitate energies team members. We tend to conjointly understand it as participative leadership or shared leadership (Chaudhry, 2012). It’s a leadership vogue within which members of the cluster take an additional participative role within the decision-making method. The leader can still typically build the ultimate decision; however every worker has associate degree equal say on the top call (Bahmanabadi, 2015).

Laissez Faire or Free-Rein vogue

The French term "laissez-faire" virtually interprets to "let them do," which implies an individualistic leader offers nearly all authority to their staff.

These kinds of leader can place trust in their staff to manage their own work whereas they see to overall running of the corporate. Several attractive leaders have followed this vogue, like Steve Jobs (Avolio et al., 2009).

Working in a very artistic field wherever individuals are extremely intended, skilled, creative, and dedicated to their work may contribute to obtaining glorious results with this vogue.

Employee directed Leadership vogue

An employee-oriented leadership vogue ends up in a piece setting wherever the leader acts sort of a sports coach, serving to determine strengths and weaknesses and developing ways for improvement (Gopal & Chowdhury 2014; Hamidifar, 2009; Rose-Grant 2016). Affiliative leaders ask for to be a part of the team-building communications and open dialogue.

Production directed Leadership vogue

Production-oriented leadership vogue (task – oriented) accenting the employment of rules, procedures and shut oversight of subordinates.

Paternalistic vogue

The means a paternal leader works is by acting as a parental figure by taking care of their subordinates as a parent would. During this form of leadership, the leader provides complete concern for his or her followers or staff. Reciprocally they receive the entire trust and loyalty of their individuals.

Transformational vogue

Transformational leadership is outlined as a leadership approach that causes amendment in people and social systems. In its ideal kind, it creates valuable and positive amendment within the followers with the top goal of developing followers into leaders.


Each of the on top of leadership designs will work given the correct scenario, you simply must be compelled to inspect your own geographical point and select the one that suits you best.

When you try the right form of management along with your men, you’ll have a happier and additional productive man.


  1. Avolio, B., Walumbwa, F., & Weber, T.J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421-449.
  2. Bahmanabadi, S. (2015). A Case Study of the Impact of Leadership Styles on Bank Employees’ Job Satisfaction. Unpublished Bachelor’s thesis, Södertörn university, Huddinge, Sweden.
  3. Chaudhry, A.Q. (2012). Impact of transactional and laissez faire leadership style on motivation. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(7), 258-264.
  4. Gopal, R., & Chowdhury, R.G. (2014). Leadership styles and employee motivation: An empirical investigation in a leading oil company. International Journal of Research in Business Management, 2(5), 1-10.
  5. Hamidifar, F. (2009). A study of the relationship between leadership styles and employee job satisfaction at Islamic Azad University Branches in Tehran.
  6. Rose-Grant, L. (2016). Exploring the relationships between leadership styles and job satisfaction among employees of nonprofit organizations. Retrieved from
  7. Schneider, M., & Somers, M. (2006). Organizations as complex adaptive systems: Implications of complexity theory for leadership research. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(4), 351-365.
  8. Zachariadou, T., Zannetos, S., & Pavlakis, A. (2013). Organizational culture in the primary healthcare organization of cyprus. BMC Health Services Research, 13, 112.
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